ReactJS Unexpected Interview Questions and Answers

In this article, i will discuss some react interview questions and answers.

1)What are synthetic events in React?

Synthetic events are the objects which act as a cross-browser wrapper around the browser’s native event. They combine the behavior of different browsers into one API. This is done to make sure that the events show consistent properties across different browsers.

2)What do you understand by refs in React?

Refs is the short hand for References in React. It is an attribute which helps to store a reference to a particular React element or component, which will be returned by the components render configuration function. It is used to return references to a particular element or component returned by render(). They come in handy when we need DOM measurements or to add methods to the components.

3)List some of the cases when you should use Refs.

Following are the cases when refs should be used:

  • When you need to manage focus, select text or media playback

4)What is TestRenderer package in React?

This package provides a renderer that can be used to render components to pure JavaScript objects, without depending on the DOM or a native mobile environment. This package makes it easy to grab a snapshot of the platform view hierarchy (similar to a DOM tree) rendered by a ReactDOM or React Native without using a browser or jsdom.

5)What is flux?

Flux is an application design paradigm used as a replacement for the more traditional MVC pattern. It is not a framework or a library but a new kind of architecture that complements React and the concept of Unidirectional Data Flow. Facebook uses this pattern internally when working with React.

6)What are the three principles that Redux follows?

  1. Single source of truth: The state of the entire application is stored in an object/ state tree within a single store. The single state tree makes it easier to keep track of changes over time and debug or inspect the application.

7)What is Jest?

Jest is a JavaScript unit testing framework created by Facebook based on Jasmine and provides automated mock creation and a jsdom environment. It's often used for testing components.

8)Give a simple example of Jest test case

Let’s write a test for a function that adds two numbers in sum.js file:

const sum = (a, b) => a + bexport default sum

Create a file named sum.test.js which contains actual test:

import sum from './sum'test('adds 1 + 2 to equal 3', () => {
expect(sum(1, 2)).toBe(3)
})

And then add the following section to your package.json:

{
"scripts": {
"test": "jest"
}
}

Finally, run yarn test or npm test and Jest will print a result:

$ yarn test
PASS ./sum.test.js
✓ adds 1 + 2 to equal 3 (2ms)

9)How to perform automatic redirect after login?

The react-router package provides <Redirect> component in React Router. Rendering a <Redirect> will navigate to a new location. Like server-side redirects, the new location will override the current location in the history stack.

import React, { Component } from 'react'
import { Redirect } from 'react-router'
export default class LoginComponent extends Component {
render() {
if (this.state.isLoggedIn === true) {
return <Redirect to="/your/redirect/page" />
} else {
return <div>{'Login Please'}</div>
}
}
}

10)Why is switch keyword used in React Router v4?

Although a <div> is used to encapsulate multiple routes inside the Router. The ‘switch’ keyword is used when you want to display only a single route to be rendered amongst the several defined routes. The <switch> tag when in use matches the typed URL with the defined routes in sequential order. When the first match is found, it renders the specified route. Thereby bypassing the remaining route

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